Τετάρτη, 19 Δεκεμβρίου 2012

ΑΠΟΛΛΩΝ ΜΟΥΣΗΓΕΤΗΣ





Απόλλων Κιθαρωδός, ρωμαϊκό αντίγραφο απο ελληνιστικό άγαλμα (Ρώμη)

Επιμέλεια:

*De Profundis Ya


Igor Stravinsky: Apollon musagète (1928, rev. 1947)
 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bd_1uwD4v-I
Igor Stravinsky (1882-1971): Apollon musagète, balletto in due quadri (1928, rev. 1947) -- The RCA VICTOR Orchestra diretta da Igor Stravinsky (incisione del 1950) --
Stravinsky : Apollon musagète, ballet in 2 scenes for string orchestra
cond:Evgeni Mravinsky (Евгений Мравинский)
orch:Leningrad Philharmonic, 1965





 
Adolf Bolm



The first ballet version of Stravinsky's Apollon musagète, commissioned especially for the Washington festival, premiered on Friday, 27 April 1928, with choreography by Adolph Bolm who also danced the role of Apollo. It was Adolph Bolm who put together a company of dancers, in dance-impoverished US for the premiere. Ruth Page, Berenice Holmes (Gene Kelly's ballet teacher), and Elise Reiman were the three Muses, while Hans Kindler conducted.
Unfortunately for Bolm, Stravinsky himself had no interest in the US project. 








Balanchine

He had reserved the European rights to the score for Serge Diaghilev, whose Ballets Russes production, choreographed by the 24-year-old Balanchine, opened at the Theatre Sarah Bernhardt, Paris, on Tuesday, June 12, of that same year. This performance was conducted by the composer himself; the violinist was Marcel Darrieux. Balanchine's version for Diaghilev, which is now hailed as a landmark work, quickly superseded Bolm's effort, now practically forgotten.







Form

The characters are Apollo and three Muses: Calliope, the muse of poetry; Polyhymnia, the muse of rhetoric; and Terpsichore, the muse of dance. The theme is: Apollon musagetes ("director of the Muses") instructs the muses in their arts and leads them to Parnassus. The ballet is divided into two tableaux:

- Prologue: The Birth of Apollo
- Apollo's Variation
- Pas d'action: Apollo and the Muses
- Variation of Calliope
- Variation of Polymnia
- Variation of Terpsichore
- Variation of Apollo
- Pas de deux: Apollo and Terpischore
- Coda: Apollo and the Muses - Apotheosis: Apollo and the Muses


NYCBallet MOVES in UpClose: Stravinsky by Balanchine - 2012 Vail International Dance Festival
 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3h0fL6qMv9o



Apollo (ballet) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apollo_(ballet)

 Stravinsky & Balanchine


Balanchine & Stravinsky - An Inspired Partnership
 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_CV9vtFpbgo





 
 


In his Poetics of Music (1942) Stravinsky says: "Summing up: What is important for the lucid ordering of the work – for its crystallization – is that all the Dionysian elements which set the imagination of the artist in motion and make the life-sap rise must be properly subjugated before they intoxicate us, and must finally be made to submit to the law: Apollo demands it." Stravinsky conceived Apollo as a ballet blanc – a "white ballet" with classical choreography and monochromatic attire. Envisioning the work in his mind's eye, he found that "the absence of many-colored hues and of all superfluities produced a wonderful freshness." Upon first hearing Apollo, Diaghilev found it "music somehow not of this world, but from somewhere else above." The ballet closes with an Apotheosis in which Apollo leads the Muses towards Parnassus. Here, the gravely beautiful music with which the work began is truly recapitulated "on high" – ceaselessly recycled, frozen in time.

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