Τρίτη, 29 Οκτωβρίου 2013

ΗΜΙΤΕΛΕΙΣ ΣΥΜΦΩΝΙΕΣ ~ MAHLER ~







GUSTAV MAHLER








Gustav Mahler - Symphony No. 10
Μια
απο τις πιο γνωστες ημιτελεις συμφωνιες ειναι η 10 του Gustav Mahler. Ο
μεγαλος Αυστριακος συνθετης αρχισε να την δουλευει τον Ιούλιο του
1910 και σταματησε τον Σεπτεμβριο του ιδιου ετους, λιγους μηνες πριν να
πεθανει (Μαιο του 11). Προλαβε να επεξεργαστει ικανοποιητικα μονο το 1ο
(Andante -- Adagio:) απο τα 5 μερη Το μερος αυτο ακουμε εδω απο δυο μεγαλους μαεστρους: Τον Μπερνσταιν και τον
Μπουλεζ.


Mahler
started his work on his Tenth Symphony in July 1910 in Toblach, and
ended his efforts in September the same year. He never managed to
complete the orchestral draft before his premature death at the age of
fifty from a streptococcal infection of the blood.Mahler's
drafts and sketches for the Tenth Symphony comprise 72 pages of full
score, 50 pages of continuous short score draft (2 pages of which are
missing), and a further 44 pages of preliminary drafts, sketches, and
inserts. In the form in which Mahler left it, the symphony consists of
five movements:1. Andante -- Adagio: 275 bars drafted in orchestral and short score.2. Scherzo: 522 bars drafted in orchestral and short score.3.
Purgatorio. Allegro moderato: 170 bars drafted in short score, the
first 30 bars of which were also drafted in orchestral score.4. Scherzo. Nicht zu schnell]: about 579 bars drafted in short score.5. Finale. Langsam, schwer: 400 bars drafted in short score.
Mahler: Adagio from Symphony no. 10 (Cleveland Orchestra, Boulez)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8PQT5IK8mwA&feature=youtu.be 
The
parts in short score were usually in four staves. The designations of
some movements were altered as work progressed: for example the second
movement was initially envisaged as a finale. The fourth movement was
also relocated in multiple instances. 
Mahler then started on an orchestral draft of the symphony, which
begins to bear some signs of haste after the halfway point of the first
movement. He had gotten as far as orchestrating the first two movements
and the opening 30 bars of the third movement when he had to put aside
work on the Tenth to make final revisions to the Ninth Symphony.The
circumstances surrounding the composition of the Tenth were highly
unusual. Mahler was at the height of his compositional powers, but his
personal life was in complete disarray, most recently compounded by the
revelation that his young wife Alma had had an affair with the architect
Walter Gropius. Mahler sought counselling from Sigmund Freud, and on
the verge of its successful première in Munich, dedicated the Eighth
Symphony to Alma in a desperate attempt to repair the breach. The
unsettled frame of Mahler's mind found expression in the despairing
comments (many addressed to Alma) written on the manuscript of the
Tenth, and must have influenced its composition:
 on the final page of
the short score in the final movement, Mahler wrote, "für dich leben!
für dich sterben!" (To live for you! To die for you!) and the
exclamation "Almschi!" underneath the last soaring phrase.

Mahler - Symphony No. 10 i. Adagio

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