Enrico Caruso, the greatest tenor who ever lived, is born — History.com This Day in History — 2/25/1
The sopranist, i.e. an adult male singer in the range of a soprano, was very popular during the Baroque and Classical era, when castrati sang in the opera in whole Europe. The "primo uomo" was the hero on the stage and his excellent technique was frequently much more important than the synopsis of the opera. The most famous castrato was Carlo Broschi, called "Farinelli". In the 19th century the art of the castrati fell more and more into oblivion, and the last castrato, Alessandro Moreschi, died in 1922.
Alessandro Moreschi, the last Castrato voice
Alessandro Moreschi - Crucifixus (Rossini), 1902
Castrato ALESSANDRO MORESCHI - "Oremus Pro" - played on a Victor V - gmmix
Prof. Alessandro Moreschi (1858-1922) was born in Montecompatrio (near Rome) and died in Rome, where he was the last castrato at the Cappella Sistina from 1883-1913 as the conductor since 1898. When he began his studies in 1871 it was already difficult to find a teacher. In 1914 Franz Haböck's plan of a "Farinelli revival" failed, his range had become already too low.He sang liturgical music only. His speaking voice was that of a high tenor and his range was about:c' - e''' (C4 - E6)
The Male Soprano Page