ΜΟΥΣΙΚΟ ΗΜΕΡΟΛΟΓΙΟ ΣΕΠΤΕΜΒΡΙΟΣ
* SEPTEMBER 1
Death of VAGN HOLMBOE
Danish composer and teacher,travelled in Romania,studying folk music-an important influence on his own compositions,as was Bartok.
His output was prodigious:13 symphonies and many other orchestral pieces,two operas and a ballet,
12 cantatas,solo songs and much piano music.
1653 in Nuremberg.
German organist and composer.
HISTORICAL PERIOD:Baroque. Ηε served as a parish organist at the University of Altdorf,but was forced to abandon his studies through lack of funds. In 1677 at the Eisenach court ,he became friendly with Bach's father
and others of his family.
COMPOSITIONAL MEDIA: Keyboard,chamber music,choral.
IMPORTANT ITEMS: Notable works include the''canon and gigue'' in D.
He wrote some 70 organ chorale preludes,toccatas fantasias,polythematic ricercars,and
fugues of vivid character.
Birth of HUMPERDINCK ENGELBERT
--1854 in Siegburg,nr Bonn
German composer,son of a grammer-school master,he was a choirboy at the local cathedral,then won various prizes which allowed him to study in Cologne and Munich.
There he met Wagner ,who invited him to Bayreuth to help with the preparation for Parsifal.
He conducted wrote criticism,and taught until his greatest success,the opera''Hansel and Gretel'',produced in Wienna in 1893 conducted by Richard Strauss.
Death of SAMUEL COLERIDGE-TAYLOR
1912 in Croydon UK.
English composer,son of a doctor who was a native of Siera Leone,and an Englishwoman.
He was also a fine conductor,being known by New York orchestral players as''the Blach Mahler''
Although he encountered colour prejudice in Britain,he endured it with patience and dignity.
He was professor at composition at Trinity college.
* SEPTEMBER 2
Death of JUAN FRANCES DE IRIBBARREN
in1767 in Malaga.
Spanih composer and organist,trained as a choirboy he became organist at Salamanca Cathedral(1717-1733)
and maestro de capilla at Malaga Cathedral(1733-1766).
His output exceeds 800 works including more than 500 villancious-the largest corpus in 18th-century Spain,
providing a conspectus of the evolution of the genre.
Birth of TZVI AVNI
German-born Israeli composer,studied composition with Copland and Lukas Foss in the USA.
He became director of the electronic music studio at the Rubin Academy,Jerusalem,in 1971.
Death of TADEUSZ BAIRD
1981 in Warsaw.
A Polish composer who promoted *socialist realism in music,and his music up to the mid-1950s is a mixture
of simple neoclassicisme and elegian lyricism(Symphony no.2,1952).
With Serocki he initiated the Warsaw Autumn festival in 1956,and his music at that time quickly
accumulated experience of serial techniques.
* SEPTEMBER 3
Birth of ANDRIANO BANCHIERI
Italian composer and monk,was most of his life an organist at the monastery of St.Michele in Bosco,Bologna.
He w3rote several important tretises,including L'organo suonarino(Venice,1605),which contains valuable
information on how to perform organ music
His fame rests on his spirited and diverting madrigal comedies,especially'' Il festino nella sera del giovedi
grasso avanti sena(Venice,1608),a splendid entertainment for the Last Thursday of Carnival.
Γέννηση του Pietro-Antonio Locatelli
3 Σεπτεμβριου 1695 - Ιταλος συνθετης
(από το blog : Σαν σήμερα στη μουσική)
(Πληροφορία: Έστα Παπαγεωργίου)
* SEPTEMBER 4
Birth of DARIUS MILHAUD
French composer,entered the Paris Conservatoire in 1909 and studied with Andre Gelalge and
Charles-Marie Widor. Εqually significant was his meeting at the time with the writerPaul Claudel1868-1955. In 1913 he began to write music for Claudel's translation of
the ORESTEIA. He went as Claudel's secretary to Rio de Janeiro(1917-1918) when the poet was appointed ambassador,and the two collaborated on a Bazilian balle, L'omme et son desir(1918) Back in Paris he fell in with a group of young composers,including Poulenc and Honegger who in 1920 were christened Les *Six. From the 1920s Milhaud wrote with astonishing fluency,his tally of works eventually reaching
well over 400,among them are 12 full-scale symphonies,a large number of concertos,and other orchesral pieces.
Many of his compositions use polytonality.Notable works inclyde the ballet''LA CREATION DU MONDE''WHICH INCORPORATES BLUES AND JAZZ.
In his vast output,frequently characterized by a piquant Gallic lyricism is the suite Scaramouche for two pianos. Notable works include the ballet(La Creation du Monde)which incorporates blues and jazz.
Birth of ANTON BRUCKNER
--1824--in Ansfelden Austria
A late romantic Austrian composer and organist he brought the Viennese Classical mass of Haydn,Mozart,Beethoven and Schubert to its final stage of development.
Best known for his nine symphonies and ''Te Deum''for choir and orchestra.
Death of EDVARD GRIEG
Through him many found their way to music
The family originally came from Scotland,his great-grandfather changing the spelling of his name from Greig to Grieg on assuming Norwegian nationality in 1779.
Grieg's early training and his immersion in the Leipzig tradition of Mendelssohn and Schumann formed the
basis for his musical grammar, but Norwegian folksong-whose treasures he discovered in ''Norwegian Mountain
Melodies'' was the foundation on which his distinctive musical language developed.
In 1867 he married his cousin,the singer Nina Hagerup,for whom he composed many of his songs.
* september 5
born in 1912 Budapest, Hungary
Sir Georg Solti, KBE, ( /ˈdʒɔrdʒ ˈʃɒlti/; 21 October 1912 – 5 September 1997) was a Hungarian-British orchestral and operatic conductor. He was a major classical recording artist, holding the record for having received the most Grammy Awards, having personally won 31 as a conductor, including the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. In addition to his recordings he is probably best known for leading the Chicago Symphony Orchestra from 1969-91. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest conductors of the second half of the 20th century.
in 1892 in Budapest, Hungary.
Joseph Szigeti (Hungarian: Szigeti József, Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈjoːʒɛf ˈsigɛti]) (September 5, 1892 – February 19, 1973) was a Hungarian violinist. Born into a musical family, he spent his early childhood in a small town in Transylvania. He quickly proved himself to be a child prodigy on the violin, and moved to Budapest with his father to study with the renowned pedagogue Jenő Hubay. After completing his studies with Hubay in his early teens, Szigeti began his international concert career. His performances at that time were primarily limited to salon-style recitals and the more overtly virtuosic repertoire; however, after making the acquaintance of pianist Ferruccio Busoni, he began to develop a much more thoughtful and intellectual approach to music that eventually earned him the nickname "The Scholarly Virtuoso".
Following a bout of tuberculosis which required a stay in a sanatorium in Switzerland, Szigeti settled in Geneva, where he became Professor of Violin at the local conservatory in 1917. It was in Geneva that he met his future wife, Wanda Ostrowska, and at roughly the same time he became friends with the composer Béla Bartók. Both relationships were to be lifelong.
From the 1920s until 1960, Szigeti performed regularly around the world and recorded extensively. He also distinguished himself as a strong advocate of new music, and was the dedicatee of many new works by contemporary composers. Among the more notable pieces written for him are Ernest Bloch's Violin Concerto, Bartók's Rhapsody No. 1, and Eugène Ysaÿe's Solo Sonata No. 1. After retiring from the concert stage in 1960, he worked at teaching and writing until his death in 1973, at the age of 80.
Birth of GIACOMO MEYERBEER
in 1791 in Berlin Germany
Romantic composer.The death of his father,his marriage,and the subsequent loss of his children,led to
an eight-year compositional silence,broken in 1831 with Robert De Diable,his first essay in French grand opera,the form with which his name is irrevocably linked.
Birth of JOHANN CRISTIAN BACH
--in 1735-in Leipzig,Germany.
Though relatively short-lived,the youngest son of J.S.Bach abd his second wife Magdalena,he travelled more
extensively ans was more widely acclaimed than any of his brothers.
In 1754,he moved to Bologna,where he received instraction from Padre Martini. In 1757 he became a Roman
Birth of ANTON DIABELLI
Austrian music publisher and composer set himself up as a teacher of the piano and guitar and as a proofreader
in Wienna In 1818 he joined the music publishing firm of Capri,which later(1824) became Anton Diabelli&Cie.
He is chiefly remembered for having prompted composition of Beethoven's 33 variations on a Waltz by Diabelli.
Birth of HOHN CAGE
--1912 -in Los Angeles.
Highly experimental composer who,among other techniques,incorporated prepared piano,tape and aleatory
Birth of AMY BEACH
American composer and pianist,made her deput as a pianist in1885 with the Boston symphony,but on her
marriage later that year she retired from the concert platform and concetrated on composition-though she
re-emerged to introduce her Piano Concerto in 1900,again with the Boston Symphony.
She is considered one of the first American woman composers.
* SEPTEMBER 6
Death of Sir WILLIAM HARRIS
--1973 in Petersfield UK
English organist and composer,stydied the organ at RCM in 1899 with Walter Parratt and composition with Charles Wood and Walford Davies.
His best known works are the double-choir motets Faire is the Heaven(1925) and BRING US ,O Lord(1959)
He also wrote music for the coronations of 1937 and 1953 and for the Three Choirs Festival.
Birth of Sir WALFORD DAVIES
in 1869 in Oswestry UK
English composer and organist,was a choir boy and pupil assistant at St George's Chapel,Windsor.
As organist at the Temple Church he rapidly developed a career as choral conductor and composer.
He is best known today for Solemn Melody(1908)for organ and strings.
He also played an important part in popular music education through his many broadcast talks for the BBC.
* SEPTEMBER 7
Birth of PAL ESTERHAZY
A Hungarian poet artist and composer,he published a collection of 55 sacred cantatas,''Harmonia caelestis''
in 1711.He comes from a big noble family,patrons of the arts.He succeeded to the principate in 1687,and
consolidated the family's wealth and power.
Death of HENRI DESMARETS
--1741 in Luneville Lorraine
French composer,pupil of Lulli,became an ordinaire in 1680.He occupied himself composing motes.
In 1699 he eloped and was forced to exile in Brussels.Hoping to gain a royal pardon from the French regent,
he took up a post at the court of Lorraine,where he revived his own VENUS AND ADONIS(1697)and several
of Lulli's operas.The pardon finally came in 1720
* SEPTEMBER 8
English composer,fascinated with the life and music of John Taverner gave rise to two orchestrlal
fantasias(1962,1964)and the opera TAVERNER(Covent Garden,1972)Other notable works include
''Eight Songs for a Mad King''.Davies was knighted in 1987.In 2004 he was appointedMaster of the
Birth of ANTONIN LEOPOLD DVORAK
--1841-in Nelabozeves,near Prague.
A romantic Czech composer,mostly known from his symphony''From the New World''
Son of an innkeeper began his music education in the village school in 1847
His first serious compositions,including chamber music,a song cycle(Cypresses),a cello
concerto,and the first two symphonies ,date from the early to mid-1860s.
At the height of his international popularity in 1892 he took up an invitation to become
director of the National Conservatory of Music in America where he composed his ninth symphony.(1893).
After the influence of Mozart,Beethoven,Mendelsshn,an
d Schumann in his earlier work,he embarked
between 1869 and 1874 on a highly experimental phase of composition,coloured by Wagner and Liszt.
The perceived native element in his music results from a manner he inherited largely from Smetana.
He also wrote operas,songs,choral etc.He died in 1904 from a stroke.
Birth of LUIGI(MARIA)CHERUBINI
Italian composer active mainly in France.He received his earlier music education in Frorence and by the age of
16 he had composed an oratorio,several masses and other choral works.
In 1779 he wrote his first opera,Il Quinto Fabio.In 1786 he settled to Paris,where he was to spend the rest of his life.In 1789 he became music director of the Italian opera at theTheatre Feydeau where his rescue opera
Lodoiska established his name.
After the revolution,he found himself out of favour with the authorities.In 1805 he visited Vienna where
several of his operas were staged.He met Beethoven -who acclaimed him as the most dramatic composer in Europe.With the fall of Napoleon his professional fortunes began to improve.In1822 he he was made director
of the conservatoire where he remained for a further 20 years After 1837 he abandoned composition altogether
to devote himself to teacihing.
Death of CARLO GESUALDO(Prince of Verona)
Italian madrigal composer of noble birth and inherited the principality of Verona on his father's death in 1586.
In the same year he married his cousin,Maria d'Avalos,but four years later had her and her lover assassinated.
He then retired to his estate at Gesualdo.He wrote church music in a style only marginally more restrained than that of his madrigals.Stravinsky was fascinated by his music, and orchestrated and completed some of his works.
Birth of NICOLAS de GRIGNY
French composer and like his grandfather and father,he became an organist and from 1693 to 1695
served in that capacity at the Abbey of St.Denis,Paris.By1696 he was at Reims Cathedral,where he
remained until his death.He was one of the finest composers of organ music of his time.
Bach made a copy of his Premier livre d'orguein 1703.
Death of RICHARD GEORG STRAUSS
Prolific composer and conductor(late romantic)known for his poems''Till Eulenspiegel's Merry Pranks'',''Also
Sprach Zarathustra''and''Don Juan''and the operas ''Salome'',Der Rosenkavalier''and''Elektra''
* SEPTEMBER 9
German composer,serving under Lassus at the Bavarian court chapel.
Later he became a schoolmaster and, in 1583,joined the catholic court at Hechingen.
He became Hofkapellmasteir in 1594.His works embrace masses,Magnificat settins,and motets,including Quid chaos,a polychoral setting in the Venetian manner.
Particularly noteworthy are his St John motet Passion(1594) and a choral cycle,Spruche von Leben und Tod
(Sayings of Life and Death),completed shortly before his death.
Birth of GIROLAMO FRESCOBALDI
Italian organist and keyboard composer,son of a well-established musician in Ferrara,where he studied
with the famous organist Luzzaschi.By 1604 he was in Rome as a member of the Accademia di S.Cecilia
and three years later he became organist of S.Maria in Trastevere.He was taken up by the wealthy and
influentialCardinal Guido Betivoglio and went with him to Brussels,returning to Rome as organist of St.Peter's
in 1608.In1612 he married the mother of his two illegitimate children.
A volume of toccatas and partitas published in 1615 shows his gifts as an improviser,using unusual harmonies and turns of phrase. In1635 he published his most famous volume,the ''Fiori musicali''a collection of music
for use in the Mass.Bach copied ,an acknoledgment of the earlier composer's status as the finest Italian keyboard composer of his time.
* SEPTEMBER 10
Birth ob LUZZASCO LUZZASCHI
in 1607 in Ferrara.
Italian composer.A distinguished organist,he worked at the Este court at Ferrara from the early 1560's until
the recession of the papacy in 1597,probably staying there until his death.
He was one of the few players of the famous arcicembalo.His most striking surviving music is he set of
highly ornamented Madrigali...a uno,e doi,e tre soprani(Rome,1601)
Most of his instumental music has disappeared.Frescobaldi was one of his pupils.
Birth of NICHOLAS LANIER
in 1588 in London
English singer,lutenist,and composer.He was of French descent,his family having settled in London in the second
half of the 16th century.In 1616 he was appointed lutenist to the King's Music.In that role he collaborated
with Ben Jonson,writing music for the masque Lovers Made Men(1617)
He was knowledgeable about painting,and travelled to Italy to purchase pictures on the king,s behalf.
Hampton Court contains some of the fruits of his labours.He was evidently a talented artist,and left
a delightful self-portrait;Van Dyck also painted him.
He wrote some of the earliest English examples of declamatory song,and his recitative Hero and Leander
shows a close knowledge of the Italian lament.
Birth of NICOLO JOMMELLI
1714 in Aversa.
Italian composer,studied in Naples from1725.In 1741 he went to Bologna,where he became a pupil and friend of Padre Martini and was admitted to the Academia Filarmonica.He was maestro di cappella in Venice from 1741 to
1743.Jommelli wrote operas for many Italian cities,and also for Verona,where Metastasio,then court poet,
greatly admired his tuneful and expressive melodies.
He also wrote a substantial quauntity of orchestrally accompanied church music in which solo,ensemble,and choral textures are effectively mixed in a way that to some extent foreshadows Haydn.
* SEPTEMBER 11
--1949--in Paris.French composer,conductor,and administrator.
He was the grandson of the celebrated flautist Louis Dorus and his father was a professional cellist.
His greatest successes as a composer were the oratorio'Job(1900) and his opera ''Marouf,savetier de Caire(1914);he wrote five other operas,symphonies,and film scores,his style appropriately dubbed
As director of the Paris Concervatoire (1922-1941)he cucceeded Faure.
Birth of ARVO PART
Estonian composer,graduated in 1963 and later worked as a produser for Estonian Radio.
In 1980 he settled in West Berlin.
He felt silent for a while examining medieval music and plainchant in a complete revision of his style,the
first results of which were ushered in by the consonant Third Symphony(1971)
The succession of explicitly religious works began before Part left Estonia,with the Missa Sillabica,Cantate Domino,and Summa(a setting of the Credo)also appearing in 1977,one of the most powerful of these works
,the St.John Passion of 1982,combines the sparest of gastures with a forceful emotional punch.
Birth of FRIEDRICH KUHLAU
German-born Danish composer.The son of a military bandsman,in 1810 he avoided conscription in Napoleon's army by flying to Copenhagen,where he made a career as a pianist and teacher and found success with his
piano concerto no.7.
His compositions include many works for the flute and for the piano;he also wrote operas for the ROYAL theater ofCopenhagen.
Death of FRANCOIS COUPERIN
--1733 --in Paris.
Musically precocious was at the age of ten promised the post of organist at St.Gervais on his father's death
(Lalande assumed the day-to-day duties until the young Couperin came of age).He obtained permission to
publish two organ masses in 1690(born 1668).
Long before any of his music appeared in print--he was enobled(1696)and in 1702 made Chevalier de L'Orde
The mixture of Italian and French styles results in a delicate sensuousness quite unlike anyting else in the history of church music.In 1713 he began publishing his secular music in three books, with a view to capitalizing on his legacy.In later years, Couperin suffered ill health and his daughter,Marguerite-Antoinette
succeeded him in court becoming the first woman ordinaire de la chambre pour le clavecin.
Birth of WILLIAM BOYCE
English composer,organist and scholar,he was a chorister at St.Paul's Cathedral and then became an organ pupil of Maurice Green. Among his early works are the small scale oratorio''David's Lamentation over Saul and
Jonathan(1736),the masque''Peleus and Thetis(before 1740),the serenata Solomon(1742),and the
''The Secular Masque(1746)
After Mauririce Green's death he was made master of the King's Music,in which post he prodused two odes each
each year--one for the new year and one for the King's birthday.
Increasing deafness caused Boyce to withdraw brom his duties as organist at varios churches although he
became an organist at the Chapel Royal in 1758 and spent the latter part of his life compiling three volumes
of Cathedlal Music(1760-1768-1773) He was buried in St.Paul's Cathedral.
* SEPTEMBER 12
French composer and theorist.
The son of an organist,he studied under his father and had a brief spell in I taly when he was about 18.
But in 1709 he left Paris to take on his father's former principal post at Notre Dame,Dijon.
Rameau is principally remembered as a stage composer,but it was not until he was fifty that he turned
to opera in its various forms.His first opera ''Hippolyte et Aricie,was written and first performed in 1733
a profound original work with a wide emotional range.
Rameau was a contoversial figure in his day,but his originality however was widely recognized.
His dance music is striking for its orchestration and its boldness of line and rhythmic structure.
Rameau was not a popular figure.He was seen as avaricious and insesitive in his social relations,but
his friends and enemies alike seem to have been alienated by his frankness or rudeness
Death of FRANZ XAVER RICHTER--1789--in Strasbourg.
German composer,of Czech descent.
He had become known as a composer in the 1740s with the publication of six symphonies.
He was drown increasingly to church music,composing oratorios,some 34 masses,and several
cantatas and motets.
Death of REINHARD KEISER
German composer.After service(from about 1692)as court composer at Brunswick,where he wrote
the first of his 60 oeras,he transferred from Teuchern where he was born to Hamburg.
In addition to his operas and other stage works,he composed much church music,including Passions,
Birth of SEBASTIEN de BROSSARD
French lexicographer,theorist,and composer.
Educated as a priest,he held various ecclesiastical and musical posts in Paris,nd composed a considerable amount of church music.His main importance is as the writer of one of the earliest music dictionaries,
first published in 1701.His library,which he left to Louis XIV in exchange for an annuity in 1724,is still
in the Bibliotheque Nationale.
* SEPTEMBER 13
Austrian composer.He sought to extend the dominance of German music beyond the range of Wagner
and Brahms,but his own works resonate with teir influence.
He played violin as a boy and cello as a youth,and at 16 decided to become a musician,studying counterpoint
with Zamlinsky,but being otherwise self-taught.
He was a reluctant revolutionary,and his pioneering work in atonality and serialism has to be understood
within the context of a lifelong commitment to the Austro-German tradition,particularly to the music of
Mozart,Beethoven and Brahms.
He emigrated to the USA and took a teaching post at the University of California at Los Angeles,where he lived
for the rest of his life.
Birth of CLARA (Josephine) Schumann
--1819 in Leipzig.
In about her 15th year her life was comlicated by a developing relationship with another of her father's pupl
Robert Schumann,whom he eventually married in 1840 after an acrimonious period during which Wieck took
them both to court.
Following Schumann's decline and death she resumed her performing career,tiressly undertaking lengthy international tours;she was highly acclaimed,especially in England.
She also championed the music of Brahms,who from 1854 became her closest confidant.
She abandont composition after her husband's death.
Deah of EMMANUEL(ALEXIS)CHABRIER
--1894 --in Paris.
French composer,the son of a barrister,who studied the piano with two Spanish musicians who had settled
in his native town.In1856 his parents moved to Paris,and he became a civil servant there,with no thought
of becoming a professional musician.Duparc persuaded him to go to Munich to hear Tristan in 1879.
The experience affected Chabrier so much that he resigned his post in the civil service in order to compose.
iN 1886 his opera 'Gwendoline' receivef its premiere in Brussels,followed by performancies troughout Germany.
Although he was one of the 'modern' French Wagnerians,Chabrier's gifts lay not in profound,philosophic
music but in the genial,dynamic pieces which echoed his own sympathetic character.
* SEPTEMBER 14
--1737--in Rohrau, Lower Austria.
Austrian composer,younger brother of Joseph Haydn.
Like his brother,he became a choirboy in about 1745 at the Stephen's Cathedral,Vienna,where he studied
singing and composition.In 1763 he became Konzertmeister to the Archbishop of Salzburg He remained in
Salzburg for the rest of his life.In 1777 he assumed the post of organist at the Dreifaltigkeitskirche,and in
1781 succeeded Mozart as organist at Salzburg Cathedral.
He married the soprano Maria Magdalena Lipp,daughter of the court organist,in 1768;they had one daughter,
who died in infancy.Haydn composed many symphonies,divertimentos,and chamber pieces for secular
entertainments.Among his dramatic works are Italian cantatas,German oratorios,and Singspiele.
He died folowing a year of illness and hardship and was buried in St.Peter's cemetary in Salzburg.
Birth of LUIGI (Maria)CHERUBINI
--1760 in Florence.
Italian composer active mainly in France.He received his earliest education in Florence,and by the age of 16 he
had composed an oratorio,several masses,and other choral works.He received his first commission for a full
lenght opera,Il Quinto Fabio in 1779. In 1784 he went to London where he composed La'' finta principessa''and'Giulio Sabino''for the King's Theatre.IN1789 he became music director of the newly opened
Italian Opera at the Theatre de Monsieur(later the Theatre Feydeau)It was ''Lodoiska'',a rescue opera set in Poland,that established his name when it was given at the Theatre Feydeau.After the Revolution,he found
himself out of favour with the authorities.He continued to find success with his new operas.
''Medee is considered his masterpiece.In 1805 he viseted Vienna where he met Beethoven-who acclaimed him
as the foremost dramatic composer in Europe.With the fall of Napoleon his professional fortu...
* SEPTEMBER 15
Austrian composer and conductor.HEbegan piano with his mother,then studied the piano and theory with Edwin
Komauer.Much more decisive however were the private studies with Schoenberg which he began in 1904,at the same time as Berg.His studies over he began a period of conducting operettas and light music in summer theatres.Meanwhile he continued to compose.Many of his works remained unpublished and unperformed in the time of his birth,and only one,the String Trio early in his serial period,had been commercially recorded.
Birth of ERASMUS WIDMANN
1572 in Schwabisch Hall,nr Stuttgard
German composer,educated at the University of Tubingen,then worked as an organist in Styria and Graz before returning to Schwabisch Hall because of his Lutheran sympathies
His next post was as organist to theWeikersheim court,and in 1613 he went to Rothenburg od der Tauber as Kantor and organist He remained there until his died ,with his wife and daughter,of the plague.
1876 in Berlin
German conductor.He studied in Berlin and made his deput in Cologne in 1894.He worked as an opera
conductor in Hamburg and Vienna with Mahler and gave the world premiere of 'Das Lied von der Erde'(1911)
and the Ninth symphony (1912) after the composer's death,and remained a devoted champion of his music.
He worked in Vienna until the Anschluss ,then in France,finally emigrating to the USA,where he lived until
his death.Deeply humilitarian,he was noted for the emotional and spiritual commitment he brought to his
interpretations of Mozart,Beethoven and Brahms.
Birth of HORATIO PARKER
1863 in Auburndale,MA.
American composer.He studied with George Chadwick in Boston and Josef Rheinberger in Munich(1883-5) then returned to USA,where he worked as a church musician and professor of music theory at Yale(1894-1919).
His works,in a deeply conventional style,include the oratorio Hora novissima(1893),which was successful
in its time,other sacret music,orchestral pieces,chamber music and two operas,of which'Mona'was prodused
at the Metropolitan in 1912.
Birth of FRANK MARTIN
1890 in Geneva
Swiss composer.The son of a Calvinist minister,he studied withJoseph Lauber but was mostly self-taught.
After the war he remained in Europe to teach the method to a new generation.
Like many of his compatriots,Martin reflected in his art the twin cultural heritage of Switzerland.
The strongest Germanic influence on him was Bach's
Notable works are ''Le Vin herbe(1938),the ''Petite symphony concertante for harp,piano and two string
orchestras(1945) achieved wide popularity.
Birth of JANO HUBAY
1858 in Budabest
Hungarian violinist and composer.He was a pupil of Joseph Joachim from 1870 at the BerlinHochschule fur Musik.
He returned to Budapest and in 1878 visited Paris where he worked with Henri Vieuxtemps.
He played a fine Amati violin;His pupils include Jeno Vecsey,Josef Szigeti,and Jelly d'Aranyi.
He composed operas,symphonies,four violin concertos,songs,and much chamber music.
* SEPTEMBER 16
Italian violinist,composer,and theorist. After studying in Rome with Corelli(violin) and Alessandro Scarlati
(composition) he played in the Lucca theatre orchestra from 1707 to 1710 .In 1711 he became leader of the opera orchestra in Naples.In 1714 he went toLondon,where he established himself as a popular and highly successful player,composer and teacher.
Geminiani was acknowledged as one of the greatest virtuoso of his time.
The most important and influential of his theoritical works is The Art of Playing on the Violin,published in 1731.
Birth of SAVERIO(Giuseppe) MERCANDANTE
--1795--in Altamura,nr Bari
Italian composer.He studied at the Naples Conservatory with Zingarelli and distinguished himself first as a
composer of instrumental music.However,by 1820 he was established as an opera composer in Naples
His first success was at La Scala,Milan,with Elisa e Claudio(1821),which travelled to some of the major European
Mercandante's early operas were,inevitably for the period,heavily influenced by Rossini.In the early 1830s,however,he did respond to the new style made popular by Bellini and Donizetti.
After the mid 1840s his work was found wanting in comperison with that of Verdi,who began to dominate the scene almost as thoroughly as had Rossini in the 1820s.But Verdi's first work,perhaps particularly Oberto,conte
di San Bonifacio(1839),reflect much from Mercandante's example.
Death of FRANZ XAVER SUSSMAYR
1803 in Vienna
Ausrian composer,settled in Vienna in 1788,becoming a pupil of Salieri and Mozart.He was Mozart's assistant
during 1791.After Mozart's death,Constanze Mozart asked him to complete the Requiem,which he did in a
version that leaves the extent of his contribution unclear.
He wrote a number of operas which reflect the influence of Mozart and in particular Die Zauberflote.
''Der spiegel von Arkadien ( 1794 )frankly set out to repeat Mozart's success.
Death of FRITZ WUNDERRLICH
-1966 in Heidelberg
German tenor,his deput was as Tamino in Die Zauberflote(1954)
In 1961 he was internationally acclaimed when he sang Henry in Die schweigsame Frau at the Salzburg Festival.
His Covent Garden deput was in 1965.Only two weeks before his death(from a fall) he sang Schumann's
Dichterliebe at the Edimburgh Festival.
Death of MARIA (Cecilia Sophia Anna) Kallas[Kalogeropoulou]
Greek soprano.Whenshe was barely 16 she sang Santuzza in the Athens Conservatory's performance of
Cavalleria rusticana.She then studied whith the coloratura expert Elvira de Hildago and in 1941 made her
professional debut singing Beatrice in Suppe's Boccacio in Athens,where she went on to sing a number of
dramatic roles.Her international deput was in Verona in 1947,when she took the title role in La Gioconda,
then in 1949 she appeared at La Fenice,Venice,singing Elvira in I Puritani.
This prompted a sensasional response of a kind that was to accompany most of her appearances.
At this time,remarkably.she sang Wagnerian roles as well as the bel canto repertory.With Serafin,she revived neglected operas including Spontini's La Vestale and Bellini's Il Pirata.
Following her debut at La Scala,Milan(1950),Callas was for a decate the most acclaimed soprano,making her
Covent Garden depud in 195...
Birth of NADIA BOULANGER--1887
French conductor,pianist,organist and teacher.
She studied at the Paris Conservatoire with Faure.Her career included notable successes as a conductor.
She was the first woman to condact an entire concert of the Royal Philharmonic Society(1937)
She was active in reviving Monteverdi between the wars:she was a celebrated interpreter of the Faure Requiem
making a pioneerrecording(1948);and she was a royal advocate of the music of her friend Stravinsky
and his sister Lili.''mademoiselle''as she was known,imparted the quqlities of discipline,clarity,and coherence
to many distinguised composers in several generations.
Death of LEO(POLD) FALL--1925-
Austrian composer.The son of a military bandmaster,he became a cabaret composer and conductor.
His operettas,in the style of Lehar and Oscar Strauss,include 'Der fidele Bauer(The Merry Peasant'1907),
'Die Dollarprinzessin(1908),Die Rose von Stambul(1916), and Madame Pompadour(1922
Birth of HERMANN RITTER--1849
German viola player.He designed a larger version of the viola based on the acoustic properties of the violin,
of which it was an exact enlargement.This viola alta attracted Wagner,who invited Ritter to lead the violas at
his 1876 Bayreuth Festival.Ritter taught in Wurzburg and adapted music for his instrument,butit became obsolete.
Italian singer and composer,the elder daugther of Julio Caccini.Like the rest of her family,she was instructed in singing by her father,and became a notable performer with the nick name 'La Cecchina'(a diminutive of Francesca)She married twice,the time to Giovanni Battista Signorini,a minor composer in France
Her own compositional abilities were far superior.Her songbook,Il primo libro delle musiche(Florence,1618),
contains powefully expressive pieces;she also wrote a number of dramatic works,most notably the short opera
'La liberazione di Ruggiero dall'isola d'Alcina(Florence,1625)
Death of RUDOLF WAGNER - REGENY 1969
German composer and pianist of Romantic origins.He came from a well-to-do family,and studied in
Schassburg(1916-19)and Leipzig(1919) before muving to Berlin in 1920.
He took German citizenship in 1930.The work that made him both famous and controversial,however,was the
opera ''Der Gustling''(''The Favourite)
His experiences,combined with the long terminal illness of his wife,the painter Leli Duperrex aggravated the
depression from which he had intermittenly suffered for most of his life and a compositional silence followed,broken only in the 1950s Many of his later works had their premieres in the West,though his
refusal to condemn the building of the Berlin Wall led to a decline in critical esteem.
His last opera ''Das Bergwerk zu Falun(The Mine at Falun),based on a story by Hugo von Hofmannsthal,had its first performance in 1961 at the Salzburg Festival.
* SEPTEMBER 19
Birth of ALLAN (Gustaf) PETTERSSON
--Vastra Ryd,Uppsala Ian---1911
Swedish composer.He studied composition,violin and viola at the Stockholm Conservatory.
He worked as an orchestra viola player until 1964,becoming well known as a composer only at the late 60s.
Pettersson's principal works are 16 symphonies,most in a single large-scale movement,of rugged individuality and uncompromising argument.He also wrote other orchestral works,a small amount of choral and chamber music
and a cycle of ''Barefoot Songs'' for voice and piano1943-5).
Death of ROBERT (MARCEL) CASADESUS
French pianist and composer.
His pianism was renowned for its clarity of touch and for his affiniti with the works of Ravel.
His soto career took him throughout the world,and he played in partnership with the violinist Zino Francescatti
and in a piano duo with his wife Gaby.Much of his music remains unpublished;his piano and chamber works are often complex and dissonant,yet musically thoughtful.
* SEPTEMBER 20
Death of NIKOS SKALKOTAS-
Greek composer,studied the violin at the Athens Conservatory(1914-20) and with Willy Hess at the Berlin
ning in Berlin he had composition lessons from Weil(1924-25),Phillip
Jarnach(1925-27),and Schoenberg(1927-31).In 1933 he returned,to Athens where he earned his living
as a back-desk violinist and composed an enormous quantity of music
Very little of this was played during his lifetime,and it was not until the 1960s that his stayure begun to be recognized.He developed his own serial techniques in music that is often densely elaborated and of long
duration:the Third Piano Concerto(1938-39),lasting for an hour,is not untypical.Among other works of his character are four string quartets,four piano suites,and the single movement symphony The Return of
Ulysses(1942-43).His output of serial music is probably greater than that of any other composer but he
also prodused a large number of total w...
the greatest composer Finland has ever prodused and the most powerful
symphonist to have emerged in Scandinavia.In his youth he showed considerate aptitude on the violin and composed chamber music for his family and friends to play.
At first he studied law,but he soon abandoned it for music,becoming a pupil of Martin Wegelius.It was in
Vienna that his first idea of the Kullervo symphony came to him,and it was this work first performed in 1892,that put hin on the musical map in his own country.
One of his numbers,Finlandia, was to make him a household name;its importance for Finnish national
self-awareness was immeasurable.
Sibelius's early compositions show the influence of the Viennese Classics,Grieg,and Tchaikovsky,and by the
middle of the first decade of the 20th century,when he entered his 40s,his star has steadily risen.
After World War 1 his music struck ever stronger resonances...
Death of DANIEL STEIBELT
1823 in St Petersburg.
German-born composer and pianist.
He had a successful cereer as a pianist in Paris and London and first performed his celebrated Third Piano Concerto(L'Orage')at one of Solomon's concerts in London in 1798.
In 1808 he settled in St Petersburg at the invitation of Alexander 1,directing the French Opera and from
1810 acting as maitre de chapelle.He met and became friendly with John Field and continued to compose operas and a great deal of frequently innovatory piano music.
Death of GILLS de BINS BINCHOIS
Burgundian composer,first heard of as an organist at the church of Ste Waudru,Mons,in 1419.In 1423 he moved to Lille.In about 1426 he joined the Burundian court of Philip the Good,and one of his few datable works is the motet 'Nove cantum melodie'for the baptism of the Burgundian Prince Antoine in J ANUARY 1431.
he was one of the most able and yet thouroughly tratitional composers of the 15th century.
His serving works include 28 mass movements,32 psalms,motets,and small sacred works,and 54 chansons,47 in 'rondeau'form and seven in 'ballade' form.
--1880--inBorgo Strinato nearParma
Italian composer.He studied at the Parma Musical Academy(1895-1901)and spent his life as a noted teacher of
composition at conservatories in Parma,Florence,Milan andRome. In his music he reacted against the emotional
extravagance of Puccini,being influenced by Debussy and the Italian Renaissance..Opera , he felt,should give
first place to the psychological portrayal of the characters and ha put this conviction to good effect in
Debora e Jaele,Lo Staniero,and Assassinio nella cattedrale(after T.S.Eliot;La SCALA,1958)
His other works include an intimate modal Messa di requiem for small unaccompanied chorus(1922).
Birth of GIUSEPPE MATTEO ALBERTI
--1685 in Bologna.
Italian violinist and composer.He spent his whole career in Bologna as a violinist at St.Petronio,and from 1734
as acting maestro di cappella at S. Domenico;he was a member of the Accademia Filarmonica and served as its
presidrnt in various years from 1721 He composed pleasingly tuneful violin concertos and sonatas which were especially popular in England and elsewhere in Northen Europe
The concertos were among the first to show Vivaldi,s influence,while the sonatas are more Corellian in style.
He also contributed to the development of the Bolognese trumpet sonata repertory.
English composer.The son of a piano teacher,he contucted village choirs when he was 17 and won a scholarship
to the RCM in 1895,becoming a pupil at Stanford.He played the trombone in seaside bands before joining the
orchestra of Carl Rosa Opera.In1903 he began teaching ant two years later became director of music at
St Paul's Girls' School,Hammersmith,a post he held all his life.In1907 he also became music director at Morley
He did not enjoy a major success with the public until 1919,when his large scale orchestral suite'The Planets'
(1914-16)was performed.This was followed in 1920 by his choral masterpiece'The Hymn of Jesus (1917)
Holst suffered from poor eyesight and neurotic in his arm,and his health was further affected by a fall in 1923.
Holst also whrote three operas,'The Perfect Fool(Covent Garden,1923) 'At the boar's Head,aFalstaff episode
(Manchester,1925),and 'The Wandering Scholar(1929-3...
Death of ROGER(Guthbert)QUILTER--1953
English composer,educated at Eton.His 'Songs of the Sea at the Crystal Palace in 1900 brought his name before the public,though it was Gervase Elwes who,with the cycle Julia(1905) ant the Seven Elizabethan Lyrics(1908),championed his songs.
His flair for llight music can be observed in the once-popular children's play' Where the Rainbow Ends'(1919) and the mendley of nurcery rhymes in ''A Children's Overture (1919)His light opera Julia(1936) was a failureGenerous with his inherited wealth,he helped set up thye Musicians'Benevolent Fund in memory of Elwes who died tragicalli in America.He was buried in the family vault in the church at Bawdsey,Suffolk.
Death of MICHEL PIGNOLET de MONTECLAIR--1737
French composer.In his early 20s he entered the cervice of the Prince of Vaudemont in whose entourage he
travelled to Italy.By 1699 he was in Paris again playing the 'basse de violon',an instrument he may have brought back with him,in the 'petit choeur'of the Opera orchestra.He retained this position until his death,
supplementing nhis income by teaching,composing,and running a music shop with his nephew,Francois
Boivin,in the rue St Honore(1721-8)
He published music including stylish instrumental as well as vocal chamber music,an opera ballet entitled
''Les Festes de L'ete(1716)Jephte(a tragedie lyrique to words by S.J.Pellegrin.
Of particular importance are three collections of dramatic French and Italian cantatas,which compare favourably with those of Clerambault and Rameau.
Birth of SZERYNG HENRYK 1918-
Polish-born Mexican violinist.At the age of ten he studied with Carl Flesch in Berlin and by 1933 had made his debuds in several European capitals.He spent the war giving concerts for the Allies and travelled to Mexico where he later made his home and became a teacher.Encouraged by Rubinstein he resumed his concert
career from (1954) and began to record.In 1983 he marked half a century of concert-giving with a tour
of Europe and America His elegant style was matched by a formidable technique.
* SEPTEMBER 23
--1835--in Puteaux nr.Paris
Italian composer,born into the profession,he was taught composition by his grandfather;but although he showed precocious talent it was not until 1819 that the city council raised the money to send him to the
Naples Conservatory.There he remained for six years.His chief compositions were the romanza''Dolente
immagine di Fille mia(hirst work to be published)
Il pirata was the first opera to carry Bellini's name abroad.Such was his fame that the commission given
to Vaccai for an opera with which to open the Teatro Carlo Felice in Genoa was revoked in Bellini's favour.
With La sonnambula(Milan,1831),a sentimental opera semiseria,Bellini consolidated his success;however
the tragic Norma,produced at La Scala in the same year,is generally accounted his masterpiece.
Taking refuge in a visit to London,he was feted by fashionable society.A performance of La Sonnambula
im English brought to his attention Maria Mal...
Birth of GIOVANNI MARIA BONONCINI
--1624 in Montecorone,nr Modena.
Bononcini was an Italian family of composers and instrumentalists.
Giovanni Maria was a member of the 17th century Modena school of violinist-composers and had published
several volumes of trio sonatas by 1671,when he became a member of the court orchestra at Modena
In 1673 he was appointed maestro di cappella at the cathedral.He was an important precursor of Corelli
in the development of the trio sonata and the evolution of violin technique.
His sonatas also demonstrate the contrapuntal skills to be expected of the author of an influential treatise
on counterpoint;they were popular in England and may have influenced Purcell.
* SEPTEMBER 24
Death of WILLIAM LAWES
English court musician and composer.He was a pupil of Coprario,and in 1635 joined his brother as a 'musician
in ordinary for the lute and voices'at Charles 1's court.A royalist,he enlisted as a sldier during the Civil War;
he was shot at the Battle of Chester.
His most important achievements lie in instrumental rather than vocal music.His works for viol consort jnclude sets of fantasias and stylized dances that show the influence of Italian madricalists such as Monteverdi.
Lawes also wrote songs and incidental music for plays,masques and other entertainmants by Ben Jonson.
William Davenant,Francis Beaumont.John Fletcher ,and other leading authors of the day.
* SEPTEMBER 25
Birth of DMITRY SHOSTAKOVICH
He was born in a crucial time in Russian history.Revolutionary fervour and dissatisfaction with the tsar and government had led to the bloody January uprising of 1905,and Shostakovich was just 11 when the decisive
October Revolution occured in 1917.
He studied the piano at home with his mother and then at the Petrograd Conservatory with Leonid Nikolayev.
He also studied composition with Maximilian Steinberg and formed a close association with the conservatory's
principal,Glazunov, whose influence is discernible in the crisp scoring of the First Symphony(1925)
In the years of maturity the condemnation of ''Lady Macbeth'' had far-reaching consequences not only for
Soviet opera but for Soviet music in general.
With the death of Stalin in 1953 the cultural climate thawed to the extent that Shostakovich's works of the
late 1940s could be given their delaued premieres He also completed his Tenth Symphony(1953) in which the undercurrents of melancholy and dark soulsearching flowed beneath much of his earlier music came powerfully to the surface.
His last symphonies,culminating in the enigmatic 15th(1971),reveal comparable traits.In the 13th Symphony
(1962),for bass solo,male chorus,and orchestra,he painted a savage,terrifyingpicture of Stalinist opression:
subtitled ''Babiy-Yar,it sets five poems by Yevtushenko.
Death of JOHANN (Baptist)STRAUSS (i)
The founder of the Strauss Viennese family of composers and conductors.
His mother died when he was seven and whose Viennese innkeeper father drowned in the Danube when
he was 12.His guardian apprenticed him to a bookbinder,but Strauss eventually followed his own bent
and at 15 joined Michael Pamer's orchestra as a viola player.
In 1829 he became musical director at the Sperl,the largest dance hall in Vienna,and in 1833 he began to travell abroad with his orchestra,touring Britain in 1837 and 1849.
His music is full of rhythmic vitality and striking instrumental effects,his most lasting pieces including the waltzes
e,the Cachucha Galop,Annen Polka,and Radetzky March,the last named after an
Austrian field marshal.
Strauss's wife bore him six children,of whom three sons survived infancy and became dance musicians.
Birth of JEAN-PHILIPPE RAMEAU--1683
See day of death 12 Sept.1764(Μουσικο ημερολογιο)
Birth of GEORGE FREDERICK PINTO
--in 1785 --Lambeth
English composer and violinist.
The grandson of the violinist Thomas Pinto,he was a student prodigy of Salomon and first played in public in 1796.His surviving instrumental works are for violin or piano,or both.
Pinto was also a promising and remarcably expressive writer of songs.His early death,like that of the younger
Thomas Linley,was a tragic loss.
Birth of GLENN GOULD
Canadian pianist,writer,composer,and broadcaster.
A teenage prodigy in Canada,he made his American deput in 1955 and first appeared in New York playing
risky choice but one that brought him immediate acclaim and a recording contract.
He then toured Europe and the USSR,but in 1964 forsook the concert platform for the recording and radio studios.His performing mannerisms,eccentric behaviour and unorthodox repertory did not obscute the clarity of his pianism.
Birth of NICOLA CONFORTO
Italian composer.He studied at the Conservatorio di St.Maria di Loreto in Naples,where his first opera,''La finta
vedova' was staged at the Teatro dei Fiorentini in 1746
Between 1752 and 1754 he wrote two operas and two serenatas,at Farinelli's instigation,for the Spanish court;
these were so successful that he moved in 1755 to Madrid as court composer.From the operas he wrote there
may be singled out ''Nitteti''(1756)and ''Adriano in Siria''(1757).
His music displays a happy melodic vein and expressive use of harmony
* SEPTEMBER 26
Birth of GEORGE GERSWIN
1898 in Brooklyn,New York
American composer,whose compositional media include orchestra,keyboard,musicals popular songs and films.
His compositions combined elements of classical and jazz.Notable works include''An American in Paris'',
Rhapsody in Blue'' and the opera ''Porgy and Bess''
He was eager to master classical techiques and established himself as a composer of concert music,a dual
process he began in the Piano Concerto in F(1925)and the tone poem''An American in Paris(1928),the latter
written after a visit during which he had sought ,but not received,tuition from Ravel.
Continuing his quest to create an American contribution to the classical tradition,he also prodused the opera ''Porgy and Bess''(New York (1935) which was his biggest achievement and among his last.
Birth of FRITZ WUNDERLICH
--1930 in Kusel German tenor.
See his death on September's entry.
Death of (Philip)CIPRIANI(Hambly)POTTR
English pianist,teacher,editor,and composer.He took lessons in Vienna from Beethoven,whom he much
admired.He appeared many times as a pianist in English premieres of concertos by Mozart and Beethoven
and won acclaim as a conductor.
Arguably his best work is to be found in the symphonies,notably nos.1,8,and 10(1819,1828,1832)
After 1837 Potter was occupied mainly with editing music by others,notably the complete piano music of Mozart
He was also an admirer of Schumann and towards the end of his life,Brahms.
Birth of ALFRED(Denis)CORTOT
--1877 in Nyon.
French pianist,teacher,and conductor whose own repertory was centred on Chopin,Schumann,and Dedussy.
He vworked as a repetiteur at Bayreuth and in 1902 conducted the first Paris performance of ''Gotterdammerung''.His tone was sonorous and prodused without apparent effort--he had no time for
players who banged.All in all,he was one of the greatest pianists of his age.
Death of BELA BARTOK
Hungarian composer,the greatest musician ever produced by Hungary.Not only a composer but also an excellent pianist and a thorough student of folk music.
Bartok was brought up by his mother after his father's early death,andt it was she who encourage the music ability he showed from infancy,both in composing and in playing the piano.
He studied in Budapest,where he was a composition pupil of Hans Koessler.In 1902 he wrote his first songs with
Hungarian texts,and the next year he produced the symphonic poem ''Kossuth'',celebrating in Straussian terms
the life of the national hero.
In 1904,he made the discovery that opened the way to a specifically Hungarian musical style:he heard for the first time a real Hungarian folksong,not one of the Gypsy tunes used by Liszt and Brahms.
During the next few years he produced a steady stream of musical arrangements and scholarly articles based
on the folksongs he was collecting,often in collaboration with his friend Zoltan Kodaly.
Bartok was an international figure.Between the wars he toured Europe and America as a concert pianist ,writing
for himself the Sonata and the suite''Out of Doors(1926)as well as the first two piano concertos(1926 and 1930).
These had their first performances at festivals of the International Society for Contemporary Music,in which
Bartok took a leading part from its foundation in 1922.
Cut off from his friends,depressed by the progress of the war,lacking
* SEPTEMBER 28
Birth of FLORENT SCHMITT
French composer.He studied with Massenet,Faure,and others at the Paris Conservatoire from 1889 to 1900,in which year he won the Prix de Rome.
During the next decade he produced many of his important works,including a bold setting of psalm 47 for
soprano,chorus,orchestra,and organ(1904),a massive Piano Quintet(1902-8),and the ballet ''La Tragedie dSalome''(1907),whose pounding rhythmes foreshadow to some degree The Rite of Spring.
Birth of JOHANN MATTHERSON
German critic,theorist,and composer.
He began his musical career with the Hamburg opera company,which in 1699 produc ed his first opera,
''Die Plejades.He met Handel in 1703 and they became friendly,though they quarrelled over who should the harpsichord in a performance of Mattheson's ''Cleopatra''
He published several books that offer valuable information on the state of German music of the period,especially in Hamburg.
Birth of JUAN HIDALGO
Spanish composer.A harpist in the royal chapel by 1631,he dominated the provision of stage music at the Spanish court,and was the leading Spanish composer for the theatre of his time.
He wrote two all-sung operas,but provided music mainly for partly sung works:semi-operas,comedias and
'autos sacramentales'.His music for semi-operas includes recitative,declamatory airs,more lyrical songs and dance-songs(often of a popular cast),and choruses.
Death of DMITRY STEPANOVICH bORTNYANSKY
--1825--in St Petersburg
Russian composer of Ukrainian extraction.
As a child he was a member of the Imperial court chapel choir in St Petersburg.
He won a schorarship to study in Italy,where he wrote three operas''Creonte''(1776),''Alci
''Quinto Fabio''(1779).Returning to Russia in 1779,he became Kapellmeister to the court chapel choir and was appointed director in 1796.
He is best remembered as a composer of sacred music,and especially for his elegant choral concertos(about 50),
which combine contrapuntal development with Classical forms
* SEPTEMBER 29
Birth of JOAQUIN NIN
--1879 in Havana.
Cuban composer and pianist.
He emigrated to Spain as a child and studied in Barcelona and Paris(1902),where he taught the piano at the
Schola Cantorum(1905-8).He revisited Havana in 1910 and left Europe for good in 1939.
As a performer he was a noted exponent of the Spanish Baroque and French Impressionist repertories.
He wrote quantities of folk-based vocal and piano music,of which he is best remembered for the 20 ''cantos populares espanoles''(1923) and ''Danza Iberica (1926).
Death of AARRE MERIKANTO
--1893 in Helsinki.
Finnish composer and teacher.
Son of the composer and organist Oscar Merikanto,whose songs are still popular in Finland(and who wrote
the first opera in Finnish),he made an impact in 1912 with the melodrama''Helena'',which he later destroyed;
he then continued his studies with Reger in Leipzig(1912-14)and Sergey Vasilenko in Moscow(1915-16) here he
learned much about orchestral colour.
His major work was the opera''Juba''(1920-2),not performed in its entirety until 1963.His output includes three symphonies,three piano concertos,four violin concertos,a number of orchestral scores,and much chamber music.
Birth of JACQUES HOTTERRE
French wind player, instrument maker,and composer.
By 1708 he was a bassoonist and flautist at the French court and he also played the musette.
His compositions include suites for flute and bass(1708,1715),the first French pieces for unaccompanied
flute, and trio sonatas.
He was one of a large family of woodwind players and makers who are best known for the improvements
they made to the 'hautbois'which led to the development of the modern oboe.
Death of WILLIAM BILLINGS
American composer,teacher,and author.He came from a pour background and was largely self-taught.
Billings's publications,intended for church performance,were all for four-part choir.He also composed canons.
Of his anthems,''Peace''contains instrumental 'symphonies'for gallery instruments,and the lost''Iwas glad
when rhey said unto me''was provided with organ accompaniment,at a time when there was still considerable
hostility to its use.
* SEPTEMBER 30
Birth of Sir CHARLES VILLIERS STANFORD
Irish composer,teacher and conductor.
The son of a Protestand lawyer who was a talented bass and cellist,he studied in Dublin and London before entering Queens' College,Cambridge,in 1870 as organ scholar.
In 1873 he became conductor of the Cambridge University Musical Society and moved to Trinity College,
being appointed organis in 1874 and remaining in that post until 1892.
From1874 to 1876 he spent the second half of each year studying in Germany.
On returning to Cambridge in 1877 he had already established a reputation with his settins of George Eliot's
''The Spanish Gypsy op 1,some piano pieces,his First Symphony,and incidental music for Tennyson's''Queen Mary''The climax of these early years were his operas''The Veiled Prophet of Korassan'',''Savonarola''and the
''Canterbury Pilgrims''for Carl Rosa.
His greatest desire was to be an opera composer.He was knighted in 1902.He is buried in Westminster Abbey
next to Purcell.
Death of VIRGIL THOMSON
--1989 in New York
American composer.He studied at Harvard University,with Nadia Boulanger in Paris(1921-2),and with Rosario Scalero in New York(1923-4)From 1925 to 1932 he lived mostly in Paris.
In 1940 he settled in New York and became music critic of the Herald Tribune,retaining that post,in a
forthnight and often witty manner,until 1954.His style influenced by Satie,is cool and unpretentious,avoiding anything complex or rhetorical.
Songs,piano music,,and orchestral pieces form the bulk of his large output;many of his works were written as
portraits of friends and colleagues.
Death of BOYD NEEL
1981 in Toronto.
English-born Canadian conductor.
Originally a naval officer,he studied medicine at Cambridge,then music theory at the Guildhall School of Music,
London.In 1932 he formed the Boyd Neel Chamber Orchestra;it was soon admired internationally,and it
inspired Britten to write his Frank Bridge Variations.As well as popularizing string works by composers as
diverse as Elgar,Holst,Vaughan Williams,Dvorak,Grieg,Tchaikov
Neel was an early pioneer of the revival of Baroque string music;he also performed Mozart's violin and piano concertos.From1953 to 1970 he was dean of the Royal Conservatory of Music in Toronto